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NS ideology, propaganda, Jew persuit and concentration camps

The NS race ideology was vor allem against Jews. During the Third Reich the antisemitism developed. In his book "Mein Kampf" Hitler developed the theory that Jews are a weak race and that they want mix themselves with the strong German race to deceive them. The newspaper "Der Stuermer" always wrote that the Jews are the misfortune for the German. Hitler wanted to have habitat in the East to make a big German empire in Europe. In the whole world German peoples were searched and they should be taken to Germany. The NS regime did not fight only against Jews, but also against Sinti and Roma, against homosexual and against mental and physical handicapped people. Their lifes were declared as not important. Many handicapped people were killed in the T4 euthanasia program. Form the beginning of the Third Reich there were measures against Jews. Many Jews were dismisses from the public service and got a professional disqualification. Jewish children were not allowed to go to German schools. On the party congress of the NSDAP on the 15th of september 1935 in Nurnberg the Nurnberg race laws were made. It was a law to protect the German blood and the German honour. Marriages between German and Jews were forbidden. In the following years Jews had to deliver parts of their property. Jewish men had to their first name the name "Israel" and Jewish women "Sara". in the night from the 9th of november 1938 to the 10th of november 1938 there is the "Reichskristallnacht". Jewish institutions like synagogs, shops and Jewish homes were destroyed and burned. Thousands of Jews were transported to concentration camps, also from territories which Germany had conquered. Later Jews had to wear the Jew star. In warsaw a ghetto was build and Jews were hold there in terrible conditions and without permission they were not allowed to leave it. From the beginning of the war Hitler wanted to exterminate all Jews and tried to find a systematic final solution for the Jews. Reichsmarschall Hermann Goering assigned Reinhard Heydrich with the final solution of the Jews. On the 20th of january 1942 SS-Obergruppenfuehrer Reinhard Heydrich organized the Wannsee conference in Berlin. He was the chairman of this conference. In a nice old mansion 15 people of different authorities met to organise a systematical muss murder. It is called "final solution of the Jews". Before this conference hundred thousands Jews were shot in Europe. This new plan which was formed during the Wannsee conference should kill 11 million Jews. About 6 million Jews were killed. They should be transported to mass extermination camp and killed there. SS-Obersturmbannfuehrer Adolf Eichmann was also on the Wannsee conference and he was responsilbe for the practical conversion of final solution of the Jews. The most famous concentration camps were Auschwitz, Buchenwald, Dachau, Stutthof, Sachsenhausen, Ravensbrueck, Neuengamme, Bergen-Belsen, Mauthausen, Theresienstadt and Treblinka. Ausschwitz was the biggest concentration camp. In concentration camps not only Jews were imprisoned, but all enemies of the national solcialism and they had to work very hard under abd conditions. In the mass extermination camps men were gased under the pretext that they have to shower. Prussic acid was used which was known under the trading name cyclone B. other people were killed during measuring their body size. The propaganda in the national socialism inspired the German population. All children were synchronised. The boys (10 to 14 years) were summarized in the Jungvolk and later in the Hitlerjugend (14 to 18 years). Girls were summarized to the Jungmaedel (10 to 14 years) and later to the Bund Deutscher Maedel (14 to 18 years). The national solcialists wanted educate the people in every period of their life to think like the national solcialists want to. Hitler and Goebbels made many speeches to fascinate the population. The propaganda was also in the radio and the television. People who looked German were promoted and preferred - bright hair and blue eyes. The whole art and the culture was coined by the national socialism. Many movies were made by the German director Leni Riefenstahl. Her movies were for example "Sieg des Glaubens" (1933) and "Triumph des Willens" (1934) which showed the Nurnberg party congresses very powerful.

House of the Wannsee conference
House of the Wannsee conference

KZ Stutthof
Gas chamber of the KZ Stutthof

KZ Buchenwald
Entrance to the KZ Buchenwald

Author and Webmaster: Lukas Czarnecki

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Last Update: 15.12.2004